233.700mp (Suprafață Rezervație arheologică Castrul Legiunii a V-a Macedonica)
Turda str. Castrului Roman F.N.
Echipa de proiect
UAT Municipiul Turda
arh. Paul-Mihai Moldovan, arh. Anamaria Moldovan, arh. Eszter Szoke, arh. Gloria Gagu, arh. Adrian Ovidiu Bucin, arh. Adrian Urda
- Mădălina Sasa - colaborator Arhitectură - Alexandru-Ivan Greceniuc - colaborator Arhitectură - Zsolt Nagy - Structură - Radu Pop - Structură - Silviu Pop - Instalații electrice - Csilla Jakab - Instalații termice - Cristian Pleș - Instalații sanitare - Călin Dora - Drumuri/platforme
The castrum of the 5th roman Legion, also known as Macedonica, in the city of Turda or Potaissa in ancient roman times, is one of the approximately 70 legionary castra of the Roman Empire and one of the 5 legionary castra in Romania. The archaeological research of these castra began in the 19th century, some of which are today very important tourist attractions. The archaeological research of these castra is a very difficult process, sometimes even impossible, mainly due to the urban developments over the Roman ruins (eg. Belgrade, Budapest, Vienna, Mainz, Bonn castra) on the one hand, or their destruction over time, on the other. The 5 Romanian castra are:  Igliţa-Turcoaia (in Dobrogea, or Troesmis in ancient roman times),  Sarmizegetusa (located on the site of the future town of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa),  Berzovia (in Banat),  Apulum-Alba Iulia and  Potaissa-Turda.
The archaeological research and excavation of the castrum of Potaissa-Turda started in 1971, and has continued, almost uninterrupted, ever since. The site is presently unprotectected and thus can be accessed by anyone and everyone who wishes to do so. As such the archaeological site was, and still is, prejudiced through  the theft of most of the mobile heritage found in situ,  the incapacity to produce operational funds or by  endangering the public safety as it lacks lighting and signage systems for the excavations and earth deposits resulted from the archaeological research. Completing these negative aspects with a list of positive aspects related to the castrum, such as:  the high number of scientific papers published at an international level,  adding an impressive number of mobile heritage objects discovered by archaeological research to the heritage of the local History Museum,  the itinerary of these objects in the international museum circuit or  the shortlisting of the site amongst the 10 priority archeological sites in Romania, by Order of the Minister of Culture no. 2483 / 12.12.2006, from a list of approx. 400 archaeological sites. All these aspects recommend the site as a site that can be archaeologically researched, restorated and integrated, in the true sense of the word, into the touristic circuit, at a European or, even better, a Global scale.
The restoration, enhancement and introduction to the tourist circuit of the castrum of the 5th roman Legion, also known as Macedonica, in the city of Turda or Potaissa in ancient roman times, is a project that revolves around a series of iterative architectural interventions consisting of  new buildings designed to meet the touristic needs of the ensemble and  structures designed to offer hints at the templates of some of the most important buildings in the castrum, but it also calls for systematization interventions whose purpose is to coherently and conceptually organize the site so that the heritage in question becomes a public space capable of producing social and educational capital.
The project establishes a dialogue between past, present and future by exploring Rome’s heritage, summed up by the expression 'urban civilization'. The intervention is thus one in which the proposed built structures allow for the reading of every historical layer without the introduction of ambiguities and/or distortions. The resolve lies within the use of the least invasive construction material for this type of intervention: steel. Steel structures can be founded isolatedly, are prefabricated and, therefor, assembled with ease and, more importantly, can be dismantled with almost the same ease. They are characterized by slenderness, allowing the reach of large spans with a reduced number of elegant structural elements, which do not impose themselves through size to the ruins of the castrum and thus have a reduced impact on the integrity of the archaeological site. Due to the aesthetic and structural possibilities, it was possible to create a family of objects that consists of two types of architectural structures with the following two specific differences:  those designed to meet the tourist needs of the ensemble whose steel structures are hidden behind their respective shells and  those conceived to suggest the templates of some of the most important Roman constructions whose steel structures are exposed, somewhat like a skeletal system.
The main entrance area, through the former Porta Decumana, coagulates 3 of the 8 proposed objects. They all revolve around a central public space, as follows: on the northwest the Pergola, the Pavilion on the southwest, and the structure that hints at the template of the former Porta Decumana on the southeastern side.
The Pergola serves as a meeting point, a break before and after the tour of the 23ha archaeological site. It falls into the first typology of the family of objects as it is a steel and wood structure designed to protect against the whims of weather.
The Pavilion houses the information point, the audio-guide rental and ticketing area, luggage storage, gift shop, the bistro, the restrooms and several storage and office spaces. It is part of, like the Pergola, the first typology of the object family and is also its generator. The bar-shaped building is supported by 21 isolated foundations and is dominated by the digital frontispiece whose role is to greet visitors in their own languagend to support a selection of posts, likes, comments or hashtag. The idea is to attract, promote and integrate the archaeological site not only in the physical tourist circuit but also in the virtual one, a world that is transforming the whole set of social customs, from how we all work, play, think, feel, and relate to each other.
On the south-eastern side of the public space lies Porta Decumana, which falls into the second typology of the object family, being also its generator, designed to hint at the template of the former Roman gate. The access to the site will be done by crossing the pedestrian bridges designed to avoid any contact with the ruins of the Roman gate.
The Observation Tower, similar to a military assault tower, is positioned so as to provide 360° perspective mainly over Principia (The Roman High Command Building), but also over the Thermae. The tower is clothed in a brass mesh that, like a veil, is permeable to the sight trying to be present without over-imposing itself to the archaeological site.
One of the elements that best illustrates the advantages of using steel structures is the pavilion designed for the protection and exploring the ruins of the Thermae. Its 14 pillars structure, similar to a large spanning pergola, allows for the suspension a walkway system designed to offer a 170 meters long visiting route.
The project was developed for a national architectural competition organized by the Municipality of Turda. After winning the said competition our atelier was appointed to develop the project and, in doing so, to attract EU funding for the objective.
As such the project had to be scaled down after the call for projects was launched by the EU and thus divided into two segments. One that went on to finally secure a ca. 5 million euro funding for part of the objective, and a second part for which the municipality is engaged into a search for partnerships regarding the funding and further development of the project.
As of February 2019 the Municipality of Turda launched a procurement procedure for the Design and Build of the project. The said procedure is still underway and our atelier is amongst the bidding partnerships competing for the contract.